SMS aus der Felsspalte

Mehr als 100 Stunden saß ein deutscher Bergsteiger in einer Felsspalte in Österreich fest. In 20 Meter Tiefe waren seine Aussichten, zu überleben, mehr als gering. Doch der Mann war gut ausgerüstet - und das rettete Ihm das Leben.

Er hatte Proteinriegel dabei, eine Wasserflasche, konnte Schmelzwasser trinken, trug geeignete Kleidung - und war im Besitz seines Handys: Am Samstag war der 45-jährige deutsche Bergsteiger am Dachstein in Oberösterreich von Gosau zur Adamek-Hütte aufgebrochen. Eine halbe Stunde vor seinem Ziel stürzte er durch die  Schneedecke und fiel in eine enge, ausgeschwemmte Öffnung im Kalkgestein - eine Doline.

Unten, am Aufprallort, habe der Bergsteiger nur stehen oder auf seinem Rucksack sitzen können, schildert Christian Ecker von der Einsatzleitung. "Es ist eigentlich unvorstellbar. Der ist eigentlich vier Tage da drin gestanden." In 20 Meter Tiefe habe die Doline nur einen Meter Durchmesser gehabt. Nass sei es dort gewesen, aber mit "relativ günstigen" Temperaturen - oben sei es viel kälter gewesen.

In dieser Felsspalte saß der Bergsteiger tagelang fest.

GPS-Daten weisen den Weg

Als erfahrener Bergsteiger hatte der Mann bei seiner Tour ein GPS-Gerät mitlaufen lassen. Diese Koordinaten verschickte er mit seinem Handy immer wieder per SMS, schaltete es aus, um Batterie zu sparen, versuchte es erneut, tage- und nächtelang ohne Erfolg.

In der vergangenen Nacht um ein Uhr sei der Notruf dann empfangen worden, erzählt Einsatzleiter Eckert, irgendwie habe es auf einmal funktioniert. "Und das war sein Glück."

Rettungseinsatz in der Nacht

Die Bergrettungskräfte, die ehrenamtlich ihrer oftmals gefährlichen Arbeit nachgehen, entschieden sich noch in der Nacht, die Bergungsaktion vorzuverlegen, die ursprünglich für den Morgen geplant war. Drei Stunden benötigten Ecker und sein vierköpfiges Suchkommando, um in die Nähe des vermuteten Unglücksortes auf 2050 Metern aufzusteigen und nach dem deutschen Bergsteiger zu rufen.

Gegen vier Uhr morgens hörte der Vermisste die Rufe und antwortete. Erneut hatte er Glück: Das Loch, in das er gefallen war, hatte der Neuschnee noch nicht wieder geschlossen.

Die Retter seilten sich durch die enge Öffnung ab, bargen den unterkühlten Mann, der sich Schulter- und Fußverletzungen zugezogen hatte, und am Morgengrauen flog ihn ein Notarzthubschrauber ins Krankenhaus Wels.

Yossi Ghinsberg

In 1981, after completing his service in the Israeli Navy, Ghinsberg, inspired by the book Papillon by Henri Charrière, which detailed the author's own experiences as an escaped convict, became determined to find Charrière and ask for his blessing to follow in his footsteps. Ghinsberg had briefly returned from a trip from Africa to Mexico and longed for the rainforest immersion experience. Ghinsberg worked several jobs to save money in order to travel to South America and dreamed of exploring the uninhabited heart of the Amazon jungle. Ghinsberg was finally able to travel to South America, but by which time Charrière had already passed away, and the tribes Ghinsberg was interested in discovering were already civilized. He hitchhiked from Venezuela to Colombia, where he met Marcus Stamm, a teacher from Switzerland, in the midst of his expeditions, and the pair became good friends and traveled together to La Paz, Bolivia. When Ghinsberg was in La Paz, he met Karl Ruprechter, a mysterious Austrian who claimed to be a geologist. Ruprechter told Ghinsberg that he was planning an expedition into the uncharted Amazon in Bolivia in search of gold in a remote, indigenous Tacana village. Ghinsberg, who sought out the opportunity to explore the unexplored areas of the Amazon, immediately joined Ruprechter in his journey, along with two of Ghinsberg's new acquaintances, Marcus Stamm, and Kevin Gale, an American photographer. The four of them, never having had prior contact with each other, delved into a Bolivian adventure for gold.
21-year-old Yossi Ghinsberg and his two friends followed Ruprechter by plane to the Amazon and arrived in the middle of an uncharted area in the Amazonian town of Rurrenabaque. The local indigenous people warned them of the dangers of the path they were taking. Nevertheless, they continued to delve deeper into the jungle by sailing along the Beni River. Led by Ruprechter's map, they traveled to small villages and communities where they restocked food and supplies. Eventually, due to being low on supplies, they had to eat monkeys; Stamm refused to eat monkeys and inevitably grew physically weaker. After traveling through the rainforest for several days, they realized that Ruprechter was lying about knowing where to find the gold and the indigenous village, and that he was actually an Austrian criminal who was hunting for gold for his own selfish purposes, rather than as a geologist. Ruprechter's deceit and betrayal led to distrust within the group ended with them going separate ways. Gale and Ghinsberg decided to build a raft to reach Rurrenabaque via the Tuichi River and then the Beni River. However, Ruprechter could not swim and did not want to use a raft. Ruprechter and Stamm decided to walk upriver to continue on the journey to the Tacana village. The four men resolved to meet up again before Christmas in La Paz.
As Ghinsberg and Gale's raft neared a waterfall, they lost control and became separated. Gale made it to shore but Ghinsberg floated downstream and over the waterfall. Ghinsberg spent four days traveling upriver in order to find Gale and finally came to the realization that he was stranded alone in the jungle, despite believing it to be the adventure he wanted at first. Gale was rescued by local fishermen after being stranded for five days. Ruprechter and Stamm disappeared in the forest forever and were never found or heard from again, despite attempts by several rescue missions.
Ghinsberg spent the next three weeks lost and separated from his friends, without supplies and equipment, in an uncharted part of the Amazon. He survived completely alone in nature and was on the edge of his life as he was almost eaten alive by beasts of prey and had giant red ants walk over and bite into his body, as his body began to deteriorate. In the second week, there was a horrible flood in the area and Ghinsberg almost drowned. He sank into a bog twice. For the subsequent five days, Ghinsberg did not have anything to eat, was completely exhausted, and his foot began to rot from fungi. He would occasionally find berries and fruits in the forest, foraged for eggs from nests, and even waited for a monkey to fall to eat, as it meant life or death for Ghinsberg. According to Ghinsberg, he would have hallucinations of a woman with whom he slept each night while he was stranded, and did everything for her sake. Many times during his painful crusade, Ghinsberg lost hope and asked God for mercy to end his life to rest in peace. Upon hearing the sound of an engine, Ghinsberg went back to the nearby river and met Gale, along with indigenous people who had organized a search rescue led by Abelardo 'Tico' Tudela. They found Ghinsberg three days into their search rescue mission, three weeks after Ghinsberg was first declared missing, right when the search mission was about to give up. Following his rescue, Ghinsberg spent the next three months recovering in a hospital.

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